Term:reason

« Back to Glossary Index

CLICK THE PLAY BUTTON ABOVE TO HEAR THIS PAGE READ IN ENGLISH.

CLICK ANY PICTURE IN THIS DICTIONARY TO ENLARGE IT.

OVERVIEW OF NOUN REASON

1) reason, ground: a rational motive for a belief or action; “the reason that war was declared”; “the grounds for their declaration”

2) reason: an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; “the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly”

3) reason, understanding, intellect: the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; “we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil

4) rationality, reason, reasonableness: the state of having good sense and sound judgment; “his rationality may have been impaired”; “he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions”

5) cause, reason, grounds: a justification for something existing or happening; “he had no cause to complain”; “they had good reason to rejoice

6) reason: a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; “there is reason to believe he is lying”

OVERVIEW OF VERB REASON

1) reason, reason out, conclude: decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion; “We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house

2) argue, reason: present reasons and arguments

3) reason: think logically; “The children must learn to reason”

noun reason has 6 sense(s) (first 5 from tagged texts)


reason (Wikipedia)
This article is about the human faculty of reason or rationality. For other uses, see Reason (disambiguation).

Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information. It is closely associated with such characteristically human activities as philosophy, science, language, mathematics, and art and is normally considered to be a definitive characteristic of human nature. The concept of reason is sometimes referred to as rationality and sometimes as discursive reason, in opposition to intuitive reason.

Reason or "reasoning" is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect. Reason, like habit or intuition, is one of the ways by which thinking comes from one idea to a related idea. For example, it is the means by which rational beings understand themselves to think about cause and effect, truth and falsehood, and what is good or bad. It is also closely identified with the ability to self-consciously change beliefs, attitudes, traditions, and institutions, and therefore with the capacity for freedom and self-determination.

In contrast to reason as an abstract noun, a reason is a consideration which explains or justifies some event, phenomenon or behaviour. The field of logic studies ways in which human beings reason through argument.

Psychologists and cognitive scientists have attempted to study and explain how people reason, e.g. which cognitive and neural processes are engaged, and how cultural factors affect the inferences that people draw. The field of automated reasoning studies how reasoning may or may not be modeled computationally. Animal psychology considers the question of whether animals other than humans can reason.

« Back to Glossary Index

Leave a Reply