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1. Used to indicate a person or thing that has already been mentioned or seen or is clearly understood from the situation He bought a house, but this is not the house he bought. This is the restaurant I was telling you about. I’ll take the red one. Put the cat outside. The teacher gave a quiz. She’s the boss. I am telling the truth. What is the matter/problem? I’m no fool; you’re the fool for believing him.
Articles in English are the definite article the and the indefinite articles a and an. Use of the definite article implies that the speaker assumes the listener knows the identity of the noun's referent (because it is obvious, because it is common knowledge, or because it was mentioned in the same sentence or an earlier sentence). Use of an indefinite article implies that the speaker assumes the listener does not have to be told the identity of the reference. In some noun phrases no article is used.
Articles are a special case of determiners in English.