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OVERVIEW OF PRONOUN THIS
1. : the person, thing, or idea that is present or near in place, time, or thought or that has just been mentioned.
This is my favorite T-shirt. These are my friends. Anything would be better than this. “What’s this over here?” “It’s a very rare gold coin.” Would you take a look at this, please? All of this is mine. This is the most fun I’ve had in years! “It will be difficult.” “This is true.” What is the meaning of this?
2. : the thing that is closest to you or that is being shown to you.
This is silver and that is gold. This is my jacket and that’s yours. Those sunglasses are nice, but I like these better. This is how you’re supposed to do it.
4. : the following idea that’s about to be stated in the following sentence or phrase
I can only say this: it wasn’t here yesterday. How about this: you stay here while I go to the store? It’s as easy as this: turn left at the first intersection and go straight. If you think that’s funny, wait until you hear this! [meaning, I will tell you another thing that is even funnier] What’s this I hear about you getting engaged? [meaning, I heard that you got engaged. Is it true?]. What’s all this about the Earth getting warmer?