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OVERVIEW OF PREPOSITION WITH
1. — used to say that people or things are together in one place .▪ Do you have your books with you? .▪ I left the money in the car (along) with my keys. .▪ The children are home with their father. .▪ The doctor will be with you shortly. (meaning, the doctor will come to see you soon) .▪ We barely escaped with our lives. (meaning, we almost died while trying to escape)
2. — used to say that two or more people or things are doing something together or are involved in something .▪ He went to the store with her. .▪ Do you want to come with us? .▪ I need to speak with you for a moment. .▪ She was talking with a friend on the phone. .▪ They usually study with me after class. .▪ He works with his mother at the restaurant. .▪ We are in competition for customers with a lot of other companies.
3. — having (a particular characteristic, possession, etc.)
.▪ a boy with green eyes (meaning, a boy who has green eyes) .▪ She’s the one with (the) long hair and sunglasses. .▪ He wants to marry someone with a lot of money. .▪ You will be competing against people with more experience than you. .▪ people with pets .▪ She taught a class with (meaning, that had) 20 students in it. .▪ They graduated from college with honors.
4. — using (something specified)
.▪ She opened the door with her key. .▪ He broke the window with a rock. .▪ She walks with (the help of) a cane. .▪ The sauce is made with milk and cheese. .▪ He welcomed each of his guests with a handshake. .▪ He entertained the crowd with a few jokes. .▪ She ended her speech with a quote from Shakespeare. .▪ With one kiss, the princess awoke and the spell was broken. .▪ “With this ring, I thee wed.”
5. — used to refer to the feeling, thought, quality, etc., that someone has or experiences when doing something .▪ Please accept this gift with our thanks. .▪ He spoke about his daughter with great pride. (meaning, he spoke about his daughter very proudly) .▪ She supports the idea, with reservations. (meaning, she supports the idea but she has some concerns about it) .▪ They accepted the offer with certain conditions. .▪ You acted with great courage and skill. .▪ They did it with no difficulty at all. (meaning, they did it very easily)
6. — used to indicate the cause of something .▪ His face was wet with (meaning, because of) tears. .▪ She was red with embarrassment. .▪ They all wept with sorrow at the news of his death. .▪ He was sick with the flu for a week.
8. — used to indicate a related fact or situation .▪ He stood there with (meaning, holding) his hat in his hand. .▪ It’s hard to concentrate on my homework with the television on. (meaning, while the television is on) .▪ Our products have been designed with you in mind. (meaning, especially for you) .▪ They made it there with no time to spare. .▪ The coach called time out with (meaning, when there were) 10 seconds left on the clock. .▪ With her on our team, there’s no way we can lose. .▪ With friends like that (meaning, when you have such bad friends), who needs enemies?
9. — used to indicate the specific thing or person that is being referred to .▪ Please be careful with those boxes. (meaning, please handle those boxes carefully) .▪ They are on friendly terms with their neighbors. .▪ He’s great with children. (meaning, children like him and behave well for him) .▪ I’m not very good with computers. (meaning, I am not able to use computers well) .▪ She no longer has any influence with (meaning, on, over) them.
10. — used to say that someone has a relationship with a person, organization, etc. .▪ He has been with the same woman for 35 years. .▪ I plan to be with (meaning, I plan to work for) the company until I retire.
11. — used to say that someone or something is the object of attention, behavior, or a feeling .▪ I’m in love with you. .▪ She is very angry with them. .▪ He seems to be quite happy with his new job. .▪ Were you satisfied with the way things turned out? .▪ I don’t want to get tough with you, but you have to learn to obey your mother. .▪ What’s going on with Jim? = What’s happening with Jim?
12. —in the performance, condition, behavior, or quality of (something or someone)
.▪ What’s the problem with your car? .▪ The trouble with this computer is that it is too slow. .▪ Is there a problem with your meal? .▪ The doctors are trying to figure out what is wrong with him. .▪ What’s the matter with you? Are you upset about something? .▪ (informal) What’s with her? (meaning, why is she acting so strangely?)
14. — so as to be separated from (someone or something)
.▪ She broke (ties) with her friends (meaning, she no longer sees or talks to her friends) because of the incident. .▪ They were my favorite books, and I hated to part with them.
15a. — used to say that you agree with or understand someone .▪ “Do you see why I feel this way?” “Oh yes, I’m with you completely.” .▪ Are you still with me? (meaning, are you still listening to me and understanding what I am saying?)
b. — supporting the beliefs or goals of (someone) : on the side of (someone)
.▪ If he’s for helping the poor, I’m with him all the way! .▪ You’re either with (meaning, for) us or against us. .▪ Let’s do it. Are you with me?
17. — according to the experience or behavior of (someone)
.▪ It became a habit with them (meaning, it became their habit) to read before going to bed. .▪ As with many of her generation, she had lost interest in politics. .▪ Promises are sacred with (meaning, for) him. .▪ With him, a promise is a promise.
19 — used to say that things happen at the same time .▪ The birds returned with the arrival of spring. .▪ The book fell to the floor with a loud bang. .▪ All of their games begin with the singing of the national anthem.
20. —in a way that changes according to (something)
.▪ The pressure varies with the depth. .▪ Her health should improve with time. .▪ The excitement grows with each passing day. (meaning, there is more excitement each day)