PROF. SINGER'S SCIENCE RESOURCES
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Earth Science

	  Earth Science Course Objectives
	  
Great Earth Science Resources Online
Build An Animation of Earth
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Download Google Earth- A 3D interface to the planet

Analyze the interactions between the earth's structures, atmosphere, and geochemical cycles 1.Identify ways materials are cycled within the Earth system ( i.e. carbon cycle, water cycle, cycle) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 2. Demonstrate how dynamic processes such as weathering, erosion, sedimentation, metamorphism, and orogenesis relate to redistribution of materials within the Earth system. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 EXAMPLE #15 EXAMPLE #16 EXAMPLE #17 EXAMPLE #18 EXAMPLE #19 EXAMPLE #20 3. Explain how the rock cycle is related to plate tectonics. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 4. Demonstrate how the hydrosphere links the biosphere, lithosphere, cryosphere, and atmosphere. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 5. Describe factors that impact current and future water quantity and quality including surface, ground, and local water issues. The Big Thaw EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 6. Analyze methods of reclamation and conservation of water. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 7. Explain how the geochemical processes are responsible for the concentration of economically valuable minerals and ores in Arizona and worldwide. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 Understand the relationships between the Earth's land masses, oceans, and atmosphere 1. Describe the flow of energy to and from the earth. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 2. Explain the mechanisms of heat transfer (convection, conduction, radiation) among the atmosphere, land masses, and oceans. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 EXAMPLE #15 EXAMPLE #16 EXAMPLE #17 EXAMPLE #18 EXAMPLE #19 EXAMPLE #20 EXAMPLE #21 EXAMPLE #22 EXAMPLE #23 EXAMPLE #24 EXAMPLE #25 EXAMPLE #26 EXAMPLE #27 EXAMPLE #28 3. Distinguish between weather and climate. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 4. Demonstrate the relationship between the Earth's internal convective heat flow and plate tectonics. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 5. Demonstrate the relationships among earthquakes, volcanoes, mountain ranges, mid-oceanic ridges, deep sea trenches, and tectonic plates. Example #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 EXAMPLE #15 EXAMPLE #16 EXAMPLE #17 6. Distinguish among seismic S, P, and surface waves. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 (Earthquake simulation exercise) 7. Analyze the seismic evidence (S and P waves) used to determine the structure of the Earth. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 8. Describe how radioactive decay maintains the Earth's internal temperature. EXAMPLE #1 9. Explain the effect of heat transfer on climate and weather. EXAMPLE #1EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 10 Demonstrate the effect of the Earth's rotation (i.e. Coriolis effect) on the movement of water and air. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 11. Describe the origin, life cycle, and behavior of weather systems (i.e., air mass, front, high and low systems, pressure gradients). EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 12. Describe the conditions that cause severe weather ( e.g., hurricanes, tornadoes, thunderstorms). EXAMPLE #1 13. Propose appropriate safety measures tha can be taken in preparation for severe weather. 14. Analyze how weather is influenced by both natural and artificial Earth features (e.g., mountain ranges, bodies of water, cities, air pollution). EXAMPLE #1 15. List the factors that determine climate ( e.g., altitude, latitude, water bodies, precipitation, prevailing winds, topography). EXAMPLE #1 16. Explain the causes and/or effects of climate changes over long periods of time ( e.g., glaciation, desertification, solar activity, greenhouse effect). EXAMPLE # 17. Investigate the effects of acid rain, smoke, volcanic dust, urban development, and greenhouse gases, on climate change over various periods of time. Analyze the factors used to explain the history and evolution of the Earth 1. Describe the scientific theory of the origin of the solar system (solar nebular hypothesis). EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 2. Describe the characteristics, location, and motions of the various kinds of objects in our solar system, including the Sun, planets, satellites, comets, meteors, and asteroids. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 3. Explain the phases of the Moon, eclipses (lunar and solar), and the interaction of the sun, moon, and Earth (tidal effect). EXAMPLE #1 4. Interpret a geologic time scale. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 EXAMPLE #15 EXAMPLE #16 5. Distinguish between relative and absolute geologic dating techniques. 6. Investigate scientific theories of how life originated on Earth (high temperature, low oxygen, clay catalyst model). 7. Describe how life on Earth has influenced the evolution of the Earth's systems. 8. Sequence major events in the Earth's evolution (e.g., mass extinctions, glacial episodes) using relative and absolute dating data. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 9. Analyze patterns in the fossil record related to the theory of organic evolution. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2

 

Chemistry I & II

	  Chemistry I & II Course Objectives

Great Online Chemistry Resources 
"Modern Chemistry" Online Textbook
Periodic Table Live!
The World of Chemistry Video
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Understand physical, chemical, and atomic properties of matter Index of Chemistry Terms Chemistry Nomenclature Flashcards 1. Describe substances based on their physical properties EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 See (1. The World of Chemistry) EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 2. Describe substances based on their chemical properties. See (2. Color) See (5. A Matter of State) See (12. Water) EXAMPLE #1 3. Predict properties of elements and compounds using trends of the periodic table ( e.g., metals, non-metals, ionic and covalent bonding). See (7. The Periodic Table) See (18. The Chemistry of the Earth) See (19. Metals) See (20. On The Surface) See (21. Carbon) See (22. The Age of Polymers) See (23. Proteins: Structure and Function) See (24. The Genetic Code) See (25. Chemistry and the Environment) See (26. Futures) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 4. Separate mixtures of substances based on their physical properties. See (3. Measurement: The Foundation of Chemistry) 5. Describe the properties of electric charge and the conservation of electric charge. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 6. Describe the following features and components of the atom: * protons * neutrons * electrons * mass * number and types of particles * structure * organization. EXAMPLE #1 See (6. The Atom) EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 7. Describe the historical development of models of the atom. See (4. Modeling The Unseen) EXAMPLE #1 8. Explain the details of atomic structure ( e.g., electron configuration, energy levels, isotopes). EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 Investigate relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions 1. Apply the law of conservation of matter to changes in a system. 2. Identify the indicators of chemical change, including formation of a precipitate, evolution of a gas, color change, absorption or release of heat energy. See (2. Color) See (10. Signals From Within) See (13. The Driving Forces) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 3. Represent a chemical reaction by using a balance equation. 4. Distinguish among the types of bonds ( 1.e., ionic, covalent, metallic, hydrogen bonding). EXAMPLE #1 See (8. Chemical Bonds) See (9. Molecular Architecture) 5. Describe the mole concept and its relationship to Avogadro's number. EXAMPLE #1 See (11. The Mole) 6. Solve problems involving such quantities as moles, mass, molecules, volume of a gas, and molarity using the mole concept and Avogadro's number EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 7. Predict the properties (e.g., melting point, boiling point, conductivity) of substances based upon bond type. EXAMPLE #1 8. Quantify the relationships between reactants and products in chemical reactions ( e.g., stoichiometry, equilibrium, energy transfers). EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 See (14. Molecules in Action) 9. Predict the products of a chemical reaction using types of reactions ( e.g., synthesis, decomposition, replacement, combustion). 10. Explain the energy transfers within chemical reactions EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 using the law of conservation of energy. 11. Predict the effect of various factors (e.g., temperature, concentrations, pressure, catalyst) on the equilibrium state and on the rates of chemical reaction. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 See (14. Molecules In Action) 12. Compare the nature, behavior, concentrations, and strengths of acids and bases. EXAMPLE #1 See (16. The Proton in Chemistry) 13. Determine the transfer of electrons in oxidation/reduction reactions. EXAMPLE #1 Understand the interactions of energy and matter 1. Be able to describe the various ways in which matter and energy interact ( e.g., photosynthesis, phase change) See (15. The Busy Electron) EXAMPLE #1 2. Describe the following characteristics of waves: * wavelength * frequency * period * amplitude 3. Quantify the relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and the speed of light. 4. Describe the basic assumptions of kinetic molecular theory. EXAMPLE #1 5. Apply kinetic molecular theory to the behavior of matter ( e.g., gas laws) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 6. Analyze calorimetric measurements in simple systems and the energy involved in changes of state. 7. Explain the relationship between the wavelength of light absorbed or released by an atom or molecule and the transfer of a discrete amount of energy. EXAMPLE #1 8. Describe the relationships among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system. 9. Quantify the relationships among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system.

 

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Physics I & II
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    		PHYSIC I & II Course Objectives
    
    1. Great Online Physics Resources
    2. Multimedia Physics Studio
    3. Physics Demo Room Movie Archive
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    Analyze relationships between forces and motion 1. Determine the rate of change of a quantity (e.g., rate of erosion, rate of reaction, rate of growth, velocity) EXAMPLE #1 2. Analyze the relationships among position, velocity, acceleration and time mathematically and graphically. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 3. Understand how Newton's 1st Law applies to objects at rest or moving at constant velocity. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 4. Using Newton's 2nd Law of Motion, analyze the relationships among the net force acting on a body, the mass of the body, and the resulting acceleration graphically and mathematically. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 5. Using Newton's 3rd Law, understand forces as interactions between bodies like tables that push up on a vase that is pushing down on it. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 6. Analyze the two-dimensional motion of objects by using vectors and their components. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 7. Examine examples that show the independence of the horizontal and vertical components of projectile motion. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 8. Analyze the general relationships among force, acceleration, and motion for an object undergoing uniform circular motion. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 9. Be able to represent the force conditions required to maintain static equilibrium. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 10. Be able to describe the nature and magnitude of frictional forces. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 11. Use the Law of Universal Gravitation, to predict how the gravitational force will change when the distance between two masses changes or the mass of one of them changes. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 12. Use Coulomb's Law to predict how the electrical force will change when the distance between two point charges changes or the charge of one of them changes. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 13. Analyze the impulse required to produce a change in momentum. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 14. Quantify interactions between objects to show that the total momentum is conserved in both collision and recoil situations. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 Understand the ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred Multimedia Physics Studio 1. Describe the ways mechanical, electrical, chemical, and nuclear energy is stored in a system. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 2. Describe various ways in which energy is transferred from one system to another ( e.g., mechanical contact, thermal conduction, electromagnetic radiation) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 3. Recognize that energy is conserved in a closed system. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 4. Calculate qualitative relationships associated with the conservation of energy. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 5. Analyze the relationship between energy transfer and disorder in the universe ( 2nd Law of Thermodynamics). 6. Distinguish between heat and temperature. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 7. Understand how molecular motion is related to temperature and phase changes. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 Understand the interactions of energy and matter Multimedia Physics Studio 1. Be able to describe the various ways in which matter and energy interact ( e.g., photosynthesis, phase change) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 2. Describe the following characteristics of waves: * wavelength * frequency * period * amplitude EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #11 EXAMPLE #12 EXAMPLE #13 EXAMPLE #14 EXAMPLE #15 EXAMPLE #16 EXAMPLE #17 EXAMPLE #18 3. Quantify the relationships among the frequency, wavelength, and the speed of light. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 EXAMPLE #5 EXAMPLE #6 EXAMPLE #7 EXAMPLE #8 EXAMPLE #9 EXAMPLE #10 4. Describe the basic assumptions of kinetic molecular theory. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #3 5. Apply kinetic molecular theory to the behavior of matter ( e.g., gas laws) EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 6. Analyze calorimetric measurements in simple systems and the energy involved in changes of state. 7. Explain the relationship between the wavelength of light absorbed or released by an atom or molecule and the transfer of a discrete amount of energy. EXAMPLE #1 8. Describe the relationships among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2 EXAMPLE #3 EXAMPLE #4 9. Quantify the relationships among electric potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system. EXAMPLE #1 EXAMPLE #2